PURCHASE FULL WORK -3500

ANALYSIS OF THE PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF INVENTORY CONTROL IN A MANUFACTURING COMPANY (A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIA BOTTLING COMPANY PLC ILORIN PLANT)

ACCOUNTING PROJECT TOPICS AND MATERIALS

TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE PAGE                                                                                 PAGES

CERTIFICATION                                                                                            I

DEDICATION                                                                                        II

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT                                                                       III

LIST OF TABLE                                                                                    IV

CHAPTER ONE

  1. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY                                             1
    1. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM                                             2
    2. AIMS AND OBJECTIVE                                                             3
    3. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY                                               4
    4. SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY                            6
    5. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY                                                   8
    6. THE HYPOTHESIS OF THE STUDY                                         8
    7. ORGANIZATION AND PLANS OF THE STUDY                      9

CHAPTER TWO

2.O    LITERATURE REVIEW11

2.1     INVENTORY CONTROL DEFINITION AND TYPES                         11

2.2     IMPORTANCE OF INVENTORY CONTROL                            12

2.3     MATERIAL PURCHASE                                                             12

2.4     MATERIAL STORAGE                                                                         13

2.5     CENTRALIZATION OF MATERIAL STORAGE                                 13

2.6     INVENTORY VALUATION METHOD (MATERIAL PRICING) 14

2.7     STOCK TAKING                                                                                   16

2.8     BRIEF HISTORY OF THE ORGANIZATION                            17

2.9     COMPUTERIZATION OF NBC PLC                                               18

2.10   CALCULATING THE ECONOMIC ORDERING QUANTITY (EOQ)                                                     `                                          19

CHAPTER THREE

3.0     INTRODUCTION                                                                                 24

3.1     RESEARCH DESIGN                                                                 25

3.2     POPULATION OF THE STUDY24

3.3     SAMPLE SIZE24

3.4     SOURCE OF DATA AND DATA COLLECTION INSTRUMENT25

3.5     QUESTIONNAIRE BASIC ASSUMPTION                                         26

3.6     STATISTICAL TECHNIQUES/TOOLS                                      26

3.7     PROFILE OF THE CASE STUDY                                               26

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0     DATA ANALYSIS AND PRESENTATION                                28

4.1     INTRODUCTION                                                                                  28

4.2     CHARACTERIOSTICS OF RESPONDENT ANALYSIS           28

4.3     THE HYPOTHESIS RESULT                                                                33

4.4     DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS                                                           34

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0     SUMMARY OF INDINGS, CONCLUSSION AND RECOMMENDATION                                                                     37

5.1     SUMMARY OF FINDINGS                                                         37

5.2     CONCLUSSION                                                                           38

5.3     RECOMMENDATION                                                                      38

BIBLIOGRAPHY                                                                               40

QUESTIONNAIRE                                                                            41        

CHAPTER ONE

1.1     BACKGROUD OF THE STUDY

 A major problem facing the stock control has affected the growth of business or company is the determination of an economic order quantity that will minimize total inventory cost. The purchasing department only orders the amount needed to attain the maximum stock level whenever stock reaches or fall below the minimum stock level. While the company fails to realize that the minimum level does not have to be attained always, it has cost implications whenever stock falls below minimum level, ordering cost per unit decreases as quantity increases, however, there will be an increase in carrying cost. Hence, total cost is not minimized whenever the quantity order is greater than the optimum required that is the economic order quantity.

 The company is faced with the problem of delayed with regards to local supplies of its production materials such as sugar, and water bottle soften carbon(iv)oxide02. even though local supplies constitute only 28% of the total production material used in most cases, supplies fail to meet the delivery date upon because they do not know the exact materials required and yet will not admit ignorance. The high value part of the materials on the one hand and the financial inability on the part of suppliers initially may not realize the huge amount of capital involved with the result that they will not supply at all  and fail to inform the company of their inability to supply.

          Consequently, the company incurs cost in sending remainders and in cancellation of orders prompt delivery of production material is of primary concern to management.

          Delay in the delivery of these materials will lead to the increment of enormous cost by the company.

1.2     STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

 The importance of stock in any organization can be over emphasized and its control must be accorded a great attention so as to minimize some of the problems associated with inventory control. Some of these problems are:

  1. inventory valuation method are many
  2. There are improper record keeping
  3. The supply of raw material by contractors is ineffective
  4. No policy regarding minimum and maximum stock levels determination
  5. The company adopts manual  inventory control system
  6. The bi-annual stock taking is not enough for effective control.

B.      PROBLEM OF STOCK MANAGEMENT DUE TO INEFFECTIVE STOCK CONTROLL SYSTEM

          For accurate pricing of stock, these has to be an effective means of recording the movement of stock. This is to say that the recording must be up to date regarding materials prices. The following are major problem of stock management due to ineffective stock control system.

  1. Material are brought at different prices
  2. These material becomes unidentifiable from other undesirable from costing point of view
  3. Profit calculation is affected by the pricing method adopted by an organization, particularly where materials from a large of raw material due to suppliers cause problem of stock inefficiency management
  4. Storage: material like concentrates chemical require fully air conditioned, very cold room
  5. Ineffective supply of raw material due to suppliers cause problem of stock inefficiency management.
  6. Capital tied down due to ineffective control system
  7. Quality of materials; there may be available found but in absence of materials of the desired quantity for graded materials, problems ensure.

1.3     AIMS AND OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

          Inventory forms a large proportion of any firms working capital and therefore, there is need for effective control by management which is like major  objective of this study on inventory control system

  1. To have a general critical review of managing problems arising from stock control of the  soft drinks industry
  2. The Bi – annual stock taking adopted by NBC plc to be used as a case study industry.
  3. Ways of correcting faulty valuation method and at the same time determine the suitable stock valuation method for the particular circumstances of soft drink companies Nigeria
  4. To check the problem of determining the E.O.Q
  5. To suggest appropriate policy regarding determination of maximum and minimum stock levels.
  6. To look at possible means of bringing to minimum the huge expenditure on stock control
  7. The effective management of available funds will be the result of effective stock control system
  8. Management information system (MIS) to enhance control system on introduction of computer
  9. Clerical operations account for inefficiencies in management control on inventory
  10. To look at the ways of making maximum and effective use of the seemingly washing human resources who are not fully utilized in management control system of stock other implement to efficiency of stock management in organization which with equally draw attention in this study include
  11. Fraud and misappropriation of stock balance (quality) and of pricing (price)

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