APPRAISAL OF THE ACCOUNTING SYSTEM IN NIGERIAN PUBLIC SECTOR A CASE STUDY OF SELECTED GOVERNMENT ESTABLISHMENT IN ENUGU
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Accounting system is an organization has a significance impact is the efficient management and administration of the organization accounting has been called the “language of business and financial decision” because it provide management with data needed for decision making and for efficient operation of the firm. Walgenbach Dlttrich and Hanson defined accounting as the process of recording classifying reporting and interpreting the financial data of an organization. Once an accounting system has been defined and installed recording and classifying data become some what routine and repetitive. Accounting is a dynamic profession like language it does not stay static it grows embrace additional rolls in its development trail. Extensively accounting records has to be maintained not just because these records are required by law but to avoid confrontation with a multitude of complex variables.
Accountants cannot just observe the daily operation instead he must depend on the accounting process to convert business transaction into statistical data that can be abstracted and summarized in accounting reports. It is a thing of joy that an accounting body in Nigeria the institute of chartered accountants of Nigeria (ICAN) has lately accredited two institute as recognized training countries for the purpose of training accountants solely for the public sector though the curriculum for government accounting yet to be fully developed and integrated into the accountancy programmes of our institutions. Based there is also a great search of textbook on governmental accounting is the country these are problem that must be promptly tacked. Government establishment are set up to provide social goods and service for public welfare. These establishment finance their activities principally from government subventions which are derived directly or indirectly form government various sources in come (such as fees charges central or local taxation and borrowing) the need for a good book-keeping and accounting system together with proper accountability for public fund cannot be over accounting officers operate as an internal security men and through records control what goes on inside the business. They have to preserve the company’s property form loss by embezzlement fraud or carelessness. Pandy state that about two decades age the scope of the financial management was circumscribed to the raising of funds whenever needed and no significant use attached to day-to-day financial decisions making and problem solving’2 In other words mangers and accounting officers entrusted with public funds must ensure that such funds are properly distributed and adequate accounted for. They should also exercise due care skill diligence and prudence in the management of public funds. In the light of this it is necessary for an investigation to be conducted to find out the problem often encountered by operators of government establishment in maintaining a good accounting system with a view enhancing accountability and the prospects of accounting in these establishments.
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
It is worthy to note that accounting information often suffer lots of distortion due clerical technical and non-professional errors. Accounting process as an information system serve persons both inside and outside an organization but most operators/ practitioners of government accounting are unable to produce perfect accounting information desired by user. Although theses problem are common to the private and public sectors it appears that the public sector suffers more. Among the common problems of the government unit accounting are: 1. Inconsistency in government accounting system comparison impossible. 2. Delay in presentation and preparation of annual financial statement 3. Ineffective control systems 4. Lack of proper and suitable accounting system 5. Using untrained personnel to do accounting work 6. Delay in receiving report from out stations with subsequent delay in preparing financial reports. 7. Untimely reconciliation of accounts. 8. Inefficiency of accounting and internal control 9. Negative attitude of government functionaries towards accountability On this background the researchers intends to find appropriate answers to these problems by understanding their root caused so as to find a lasting solution if possible or ameliorate the incidence of inaccurate accounting is government establishments.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The aims of this study includes: 2. To determine the effectiveness of the existing system of accounting of government units. 3. To appraise the systems and ascertain their suitability. 4. To identify and analyze the problem associated with the system of accounting adopted by these organization examine their root causes and based on the outcome of the analysis draw conclusion 5. To undertake a prospective view of government accounting need and identity possible future improvement of its application by the public sector.