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ASSESSMENT OF QUALITY ASSURANCE INPUTS IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION PROGRAMME OF COLLEGES OF EDUCATION IN NORTH CENTRAL NIGERIA

Vocational Technical Education Project Topics & Materials

ASSESSMENT OF QUALITY ASSURANCE INPUTS IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION PROGRAMME OF COLLEGES OF EDUCATION IN NORTH CENTRAL NIGERIA

TABLE OF CONTENTS

                                                                                                                        Page

TITLE PAGE                                                                                                             i

APPROVAL PAGE                                                                                                   ii

CERTIFICATION                                                                                                     iii

DEDICATION                                                                                                           iv

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS                                                                                       v

TABLE OF CONTENTS                                                                                           vi

LIST OF TABLES                                                                                                     ix

ABSTRACT                                                                                                               xi

CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study                                                                                           1

Statement of the Problem                                                                                           5

Purpose of the Study                                                                                                  7

Significance of the Study                                                                                           8

Research Questions                                                                                                     10

Hypotheses                                                                                                                 11

Delimitation of the Study                                                                                           12

CHAPTER II: REVIEW 0F RELATED LITERATURE

Conceptual Framework                                                                               14

Technical Education at NCE level                                                                  16

Inputs                                                                                                              16

Implementation of Technical Education in Colleges of Education

(Technical)                                                                                                      18

Quality Assurance                                                                                           20

Quality Assurance of input                                                                             23

Technical Education implementation Inputs                                                  26

Personnel                                                                                                         27

Facilities                                                                                                          29

Equipment                                                                                                       2

            Theoretical Framework                                                                                31

Systems theory                                                                                                32

Theory of vocational and technical education                                                33

 Related Empirical Studies                                                                                       35

Summary of Review of Related Literature            –                                                           40

CHAPTER III: METHODOLOGY

Research Design                                                                                             42

Area of the Study                                                                                           42

Population for the Study                                                                                43

Instrument for Data Collection                                                                       43

Validation of the Instrument                                                                                      44

Reliability of the Instrument                                                                           44

Method of Data Collection                                                                             44

Method of Data Analysis                                                                               45

CHAPTER IV: PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA

Research  Question  1                                                                                     46

Research  Question  2                                                                                     47

Research  Question  3                                                                                     48

Research  Question  4                                                                                     49

Research  Question 5                                                                                      50

Research  Question 6                                                                                      55

Hypotheses 1                                                                                                  60

Hypotheses 2                                                                                                  61

Hypotheses 3                                                                                                  62

Hypotheses 4                                                                                                  63

Hypotheses 5                                                                                                  63

Hypotheses 6                                                                                                              64

Findings of the Study                                                                                     65

Findings on Hypotheses                                                                                 68

Discussion of Findings                                                                                   69

Discussion of the Hypotheses                                                                         71

 

 CHAPTER V: SUMMARY,CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

Re-statement of the Problem                                                                          73

Summary of Procedures Used                                                                                    74

Summary of Major Findings                                                                           75

Implications of the Study                                                                               76

Conclusions                                                                                                     76

Recommendations                                                                                          77

Suggestions for Further Study                                                                        77

REFERENCES                                                                                                        78

APPENDICES                                                                                                          84       

            Appendix A: List of Institutions/Population Distribution                             85

            Appendix B: Letter of Introduction                                                              86

            Appendix C: Instrument for Data Collection                                                87

            Appendix D: Avalability Checklist                                                               98

            Appendix E: Result of Data Analysis                                                           102

LIST OF TABLES

Tables                                                                                                                         pages

  1. Personnel Available for the Implementation of Technical Education

Programme in Colleges of Education in north central Nigeria                                                                                                                                        46

 

  1. Mean Rating of Responses of Respondents on Adequacy of Available

Personnel for the Implementation of Technical Education

programme in Colleges of Education in North Central Nigeria       47

 

3   Mean Rating of Responses of Respondents on Availability of facilities

for the Implementation of Technical Education programme in

Colleges of Education in North Central Nigeria                                48

 

4 Mean Rating of Responses of Respondents on adequacy of available

facilities for the Implementation of Technical Education

programme in Colleges of Education in North Central Nigeria         49

 

5  Mean Rating of Responses of Respondents on availability of      equipment/machine and tools for the Implementation of Technical           Education programme in Colleges of Education in North Central

Nigeria                                                                                                            50

 

6 Mean Rating of Responses of Respondents on the level of adequacy of

available equipment/machine and tools for the Implementation of

Technical Education programme in Colleges of Education in

North Central Nigeria                                                                         51

 

 

7 Summary of t-test Table on the availability of personnel for the

Implementation of Technical Education Programme in Federal

Colleges of Education and State Colleges of Education in North

Central Nigeria                                                                                    52

 

8  Summary of t-test Table on the availability of facilities for the

implementation of Technical Education programme in Federal

Colleges of education and State Colleges of education in North

Central Nigeria                                                                                    53

 

9  Summary of t-test Table on the availability of machines, equipment and

tools for the implementation of Technical Education programme in

Federal Colleges of education and State Colleges of education

in North Central Nigeria                                                                     54

 

  1. Mean Rating on Adequacy of Available Auto Mechanic Equipment for

the Implementation of Technical Education Programme in Colleges of

Education in North Central Nigeria                                                    55

 

  1. Mean Rating on Adequacy of Available Building Technology Equipment

for the Implementation of Technical Education Programme in Colleges of

Education in North Central Nigeria                                                                56

 

  1. Mean Rating on Adequacy Available Electronic Technology Equipment

for the Implementation of Technical Education Programme in

Colleges of Education in North Central Nigeria                                57

 

  1. Mean Rating on Adequacy Available Metalwork Technology Equipment

for the Implementation of Technical Education Programme in

Colleges of Education in North Central Nigeria                                58

 

  1. Mean Rating on Adequacy Available Woodwork Technology Equipment

for the Implementation of Technical Education Programme in

Colleges of Education in North Central Nigeria                                59

 

  1. Summary of t-test on the Availability of Personnel for the Implementation

of Technical Education Programme in Federal Colleges of

Education and             State Colleges of Education in North

Central Nigeria                                                                                    61

 

  1. Summary of t-test on the Availability of Facilities for the Implementation

of Technical Education Programme in Federal Colleges of

Education and             State Colleges of Education in North

Central Nigeria                                                                                    61

 

  1. Summary of t-test on the Availability of Machines, Equipment and

Tools for the Implementation of Technical Education

Programme in Federal Colleges of Education and State Colleges of                                     Education in North Central Nigeria the                                       62

 

  1. Summary of t-test on Adequacy of personnel for the Implementation

of Technical Education Programme in Federal Colleges

of Education and State Colleges of Education in North Central

Nigeria the                                                                                         63

 

  1. Summary of t-test on Adequacy of Facilities for the Implementation

of Technical Education Programme in Federal Colleges of

Education and             State Colleges of Education in North Central

Nigeria.                                                                                               64

 

  1. Summary of t-test on Adequacy of Machines, Equipment and Tools

for the Implementation of Technical Education Programme in Federal

Colleges of Education and State Colleges of Education in

North Central Nigeria.                                                                        65

 

ABSTRACT

The study was carried out to assess the quality assurance of inputs into the implementation of technical education programme of Colleges of Education in North-central Nigeria. Survey research design was adopted for the study. Check list and interview schedule were used for data collection. Three experts validated the instruments, two from University of Nigeria Nsukka and one from Federal College of Education Pankshin. The reliability was determined using Cronbach Alpha method of establishing reliability. The coefficient of reliability obtained was 0.89. Population for the study was the five colleges of education in North Central Nigeria that offer technical education programme at NCE level and 140 input items as contained in NCCE minimum standard for implementation of technical education programme. Five copies of the checklist (one for each school) were used to obtain information on availability and adequacy. Percentage and mean were used to analyze data obtained from observation and interview schedule on availability and adequacy respectively. The study found out that 80% of the required personnel input are available, 78% of the required facilities are available, 84% of equipment/ machines and tools required are available in Colleges of Education in north central Nigeria. 40% of personnel are found to be adequate, 27.3% of facilities were found to be adequate. 26% of automachanic equipment/machine and tools, 45.5% of building technology equipment/machine and tools, 25.8% electrical/electronic technology equipment/machine and tools, 31% of metal work technology equipment/machine and tools and 34.8% of woodwork technology equipment/machine and tools were found to be adequate. It was therefore recommended that government should inject more funds to Colleges of Educations to enable them provide adequate inputs for the implementation of technical education programmes for quality assurance.

CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study

A nation cannot survive the present technologically advanced world without focusing on quality human resource development. Quality human resource development can only be achieved through quality education (Anaele, 2010). Some countries of the world, today, are described as developed or advanced, due to their technological feats and manoeuvres (Uzoagulu, 2011). They got to these positions through co-ordinated quality Technology Education. The importance of Technology Education to a nation’s development therefore cannot be over emphasized. Quality Technology Education is a product of a number of factors, such as well-articulated policies, comprehensive, adaptive and realizable curricula, adequate funding, adequate teaching and learning facilities/equipment and above all quality teachers (Anaele, 2010).

Realising the role of quality teachers in nation building, Federal Government of Nigeria (2004) stated, “No nation’s education system may rise above the quality of its teachers”. The policy went further to state that, teacher education programmes shall be structured to equip teachers for effective performance of their duties. These structuring brought about the establishment of NCE teachers training institutions in the country. Technical Education is one of the teacher training programmes of Colleges of Education in Nigeria. Its focus is the production of Technical Education teachers at NCE level.

      1

Technical Education according to Onjewu (2007) is the aspect of education, which prepares people academically to be engaged in the acquisition and application of science and modern technology by focusing both on the theoretical and practical application of basic scientific principles. Federal Government of Nigeria (2004) defines Technical Education as that aspect of education, which leads to the acquisition of practical and applied skills as well as basic scientific knowledge. The objectives of Technical Education in Colleges of Education are to:

  1. Produce National Certificate in Education (NCE Tech) teachers and practitioners of technology capable of teaching Introductory Technology (Basic Technology) in junior secondary schools.
  2. Produce NCE (Tech) teachers who will be able to inculcate scientific and technological attitudes and values into the society.
  • Produce qualified technical teachers motivated to start the so much desired revolution of technological development right from the Nigerian schools.
  1. Prepare technical teachers to qualify them for post NCE degree programme in technical education (NCCE, 2002).

Colleges of Education are post-secondary institutions responsible for training National Certificate in Education (NCE) teachers in Nigeria. Colleges of Education are teacher-training institutions that offer NCE technical courses. In order to achieve the objectives of teacher education at the NCE level, and to maintain standard of the products in a sustainable manner, the National Commission for Colleges of Education (NCCE) was established. The mandate of the commission among other things includes; monitoring and ensuring quality among Colleges of Education programmes, for quality assurance of graduates.

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