PURCHASE FULL WORK -3500

CONFLICTS RESOLUTION MECHANISMS IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN EBONYI STATE, NIGERIA

Vocational Technical Education Project Topics & Materials

CONFLICTS RESOLUTION MECHANISMS IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN EBONYI STATE, NIGERIA

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted to investigate the conflict resolution mechanisms in public secondary schools in Ebonyi state, Nigeria. Four research questions and three hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The study adopted descriptive survey research design. The population of the study comprised of all the public secondary school principals and teachers in Ebonyi State. The sample for the study is 260 respondents, out of the total population of 5228 respondents. The instrument for data collection was a structured questionnaire titled conflict resolution mechanisms questionnaire. The data generated for the study was analyzed using mean and standard deviation for answering the research questions while t-test statistics was used for testing the null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. It was discovered from the findings that cause of conflicts in schools include: individual aggressiveness, authoritarianism, frustration due to uncoducive working atmosphere, poor motivation and stress from the job, misunderstanding, not taking instructions, poor communication, lack of commitment, poor management and differences in opinion. Conflicts in schools are manifested through destruction of public properties, blocking the highways and preventing others from attending to their work peacefully, writing of petitions against authority by staff, students/community riots, teachers strikes, verbal hostility expressed in for of rebukes and defamation of character, demonstration and carrying of placards and of songs.  Conflicts encourage indiscipline, breeds non-charlant attitude to work, and adversely affects students’ performance and drag reputation of schools to mud. Conflicts could be resolved by involving both parties to a conflict in a discussion, involving teachers and student in decision-making; being fair and firm, and holding regular meetings with the PTA. Based on the finding the researcher recommended that educational administrations and planner should appreciate the causes of conflict and put in place mechanism for handling then when they come up. Government at all levels should reduce and avert conflict by providing good working environment in the schools.    

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page                                                                                                                             i

Approval                                                                                                                                      ii

Certification                                                                                                                                    iii

Dedication                                                                                                                                    iv

Acknowledgment                                                                                                                             v

Abstract                                                                                                                                         vi

Table of Contents                                                                                                                           vii

List of tables                                                                                                                               vii

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study                                                                                                                1

Statement of the Problem                                                                                                                9

Purpose of the Study                                                                                                                   11

Significance of the Stu                                                                                                         11

Scope of the study                                                                                                               13

Research Questions                                                                                                                13

Hypotheses                                                                                                                            14

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF LITERATURE

Conceptual Framework                                                                                                        16

  • Concept of Conflicts 16
  • Concept of Resolution 21
  • Concept of Conflict Resolution 22
  • Concept of Conflict Resolution Mechanisms 24
  • Concept of Secondary Schools                                                                         26

Theoretical Framework:                                                                                                             52

  • Georg Simmel Social Conflict Theory                                                                52
  • Fisher and Keashly Contingency Theory 53

Review of Related Empirical Studies                                                                                   54

Summary of Literature Review                                                                                               57

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHOD

Design of the Study                                                                                                                       60

Area of the Study                                                                                                                      60

Population of the study                                                                                                                 61

Sample and Sampling Techniques                                                                                                 61

Instrument for Data Collection                                                                                              61

Validation of the Instrument                                                                                                      62

Reliability of the Instrument                                                                                                      62

Method of Data Collection                                                                                                     62

Method of Data Analysis                                                                                                      63

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS

Summary of the Findings                                                                                                               69

CHAPTER FIVE: DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION, IMPLICATIONS, RECOMMENDATIONS, LIMITATIONS AND SUGGESTION FOR FURTHER STUDY

Discussion of findings                                                                                                                  71

Conclusion                                                                                                                            73

Recommendations                                                                                                                75 Implications of the study                                                                                                       74

Limitation of the study                                                                                                                76

Suggestion for further studies                                                                                              76

References                                                                                                                          79

Appendices                                                                                                                         84

APPENDIX A: Corrected instrument                                                                                    86

APPENDIX B: List of public secondary schools in Ebonyi state                                            93

APPENDIX C: Reliability test                                                                                          101

List of tables

Table 1: Mean rating and standard deviation on the causes of conflicts in public secondary schools in Ebonyi State                                                                                                         64

Table 2: Mean rating and standard deviation on the nature of conflicts in public secondary schools in Ebonyi State                                                                                                        65

Table 3: Mean rating and standard deviation on the impacts of conflicts on the administration of public secondary schools                                                                                                       66

Table 4: Mean rating and standard deviation on the management strategies can be adopted for the resolution of conflicts in public secondary schools                                                                     66

Table 5: Summary of t-test analysis for hypothesis One                                                           67

Table 6: Summary of t-test analysis for hypothesis Two                                                              68

Table 7: Summary of t-test analysis for hypothesis Three                                                        68

INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER ONE

Background of the Study

Individuals or groups may depend on one another for information, assistance, or coordinated actions. Such inter-dependence may foster either cooperation or conflict. Conflict connotes disagreement, distortions inconsistencies and antagonisms existing in a particular system. It could equally mean discord in actions, lack of concordance in opinion in order to achieve one’s own goal.Conflict is experienced within the individual, between individuals, among groups, states and sometimes transcend to other creatures. The fact that this phenomenon exists in all creation makes it difficult to understand and almost impossible to resolve successfully, especially when its causes are natural. When conflict is resolved there is bound to be peace. The major concern has been how to give meaning to this phenomenon, diagnose its structure, locates its causes and attempts finding solution. In spite of all the efforts, by the Government conflict appears to defy solutions by drawing individuals at daggers points, groups as well as institutions at war and nations at loggerheads. It has been a central concern not only to these mentioned categories but also to international community and development agencies. According to Onu (2005), One major reason for the concern about conflict resolution and transformation is because if it becomes protracted, conflicts can wrap up a society, economies or regions where they are situated in complex emergencies which can in turn be extended to global environment, and become obstacle to peace and progress. For any organization to perform effectively, interdependent individuals and groups within the organization must establish relationships across organizational boundaries, between individuals and among groups.

GET FULL MATERIAL

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.