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DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A WEB BASED VOTING REGISTRATION SYSTEM A CASE STUDY OF INEC ENUGU

Computer Science Project Topics

 

Abstract
voter registration systems supplement the traditional paper-based process, by which new voters fill out a paper form that is submitted to election officials, who confirm the registration is valid, and enter the information from the paper application into the registration system.
Online voter registration follows essentially the same process, but instead of filling out a paper application, the voter fills out a form via an Internet site, and that paperless form is submitted electronically to election officials. In most states the application is reviewed electronically; if the request is confirmed to be valid, the new registration is added to the state’s voter registration list.
That validation step is done by comparing the information on the online registration form against the information provided by the same individual when he or she received a driver’s license or other state-issued identification card. The signature already on record with the state becomes the signature on record for voting. When the information does not a match, the application is sent to officials for further review or action.
Online systems are not equipped to register voters who do not have state-issued driver’s licenses or identification cards. Those voters, or any voters who care to, can use a paper registration form.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page
Certification
Dedication
Acknowledgement
Abstract
Organization of work
Table contents

Chapter one
Introduction
1.1 State of the Problem
1.2 Purpose of the study
1.3 Aims and objectives
1.4 Scope of the study
1.5 Limitation o the study
1.6 Assumptions
1.7 Definition of terms

Chapter Two
Review of related literature

Chapter Three
Description and analysis of the existing
System
3.1 Fact finding methods used
3.2 Organizational structure
3.3 Objectives of the existing system
3.4 Input process and output analysis
3.5 Information flow diagram
3.6 Problems of the existing system
3.7 Justification of the new system

Chapter Four
Implementation/Programming

4.1 Input specification and design
4.2 Output specification and design\file design
4.3 File design
4.4 Procedure chart
4.5 System flow chart
4.6 System requirement
4.7 Implementation
4.8 Program design
4.9 Pseudo code
4.9.1 Program flowchart
4.9.2 Documentation

Chapter FIVE
Recommendation and conclusion
5.1 Recommendation
5.2 Conclusion
Reference

CHAPTER ONE

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
1.1 INTRODUCTION
Voting is a means of selecting or choosing leaders. It does not apply only to local governments, states and federal government of Nigeria but also in different institutions and social organizations. Therefore, the conduct of elections in a democratic society is very important not only because through it a change of government is effected but also because voting is the main form of political participation for most people for democracy to be sound and smooth, it should be enhanced on election free from fraud.
Many centuries ago, most societies were societies were primitive and had not evolved a system of voting to elect the leaders that will govern then and promote societal harmony and peace. This means that people have to devise a system whereby a leader or a set of leaders have elected from the ranks of the people. At that point the idea of voting and being voted for became important and necessary. But before an individual can cast his or her vote, there are certain conditions to be met, one of which is to be registered as a voter.
Since independence in 1960, the Nigeria political scene has witnessed incessant upheavals, wide scale dishonesty and societal bitterness, which in most instances, degenerated into lawlessness and destruction of lives and property. Theses unfortunate situations paved the way for and served as spring boards for the emergence and growth of unskilled democrats and military leaders in the governance of the nation. Many Nigeria’s are disappointed that a post independent 46years-old Nigeria is still operating constitution which does not enjoy an overwhelming national acceptance, as evident in the persistent calls for the convocation of a sovereigns national conference on the one hand, and the growing demand for ethnic nationalities on the other.
For about four and half decades since independence, the nation had shifted position between parliamentary and presidential system of government, with several military in cursions into polities over the years. Even the present presidential democratic dispensation is still undergoing experimentation with varying degrees of trial and error approach. It is in the light of the foregoing, that this project on voter registration, is written to serve as a useful tool of enlightenment in the hands of voters, the electorate and the general public.
However, voter registration is a critical aspect of the electoral process. A credible voters register is a prelude to free and fair elections. It is also important for people to know is qualified to vote, where, when and how to vote. Also, a full knowledge of the registration procedure will encourage eligible voters to participate in the electoral process.
DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A WEB BASED VOTING REGISTRATION SYSTEM A CASE STUDY OF INEC ENUGU

Abstract
voter registration systems supplement the traditional paper-based process, by which new voters fill out a paper form that is submitted to election officials, who confirm the registration is valid, and enter the information from the paper application into the registration system.
Online voter registration follows essentially the same process, but instead of filling out a paper application, the voter fills out a form via an Internet site, and that paperless form is submitted electronically to election officials. In most states the application is reviewed electronically; if the request is confirmed to be valid, the new registration is added to the state’s voter registration list.
That validation step is done by comparing the information on the online registration form against the information provided by the same individual when he or she received a driver’s license or other state-issued identification card. The signature already on record with the state becomes the signature on record for voting. When the information does not a match, the application is sent to officials for further review or action.
Online systems are not equipped to register voters who do not have state-issued driver’s licenses or identification cards. Those voters, or any voters who care to, can use a paper registration form.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page
Certification
Dedication
Acknowledgement
Abstract
Organization of work
Table contents

Chapter one
Introduction
1.1 State of the Problem
1.2 Purpose of the study
1.3 Aims and objectives
1.4 Scope of the study
1.5 Limitation o the study
1.6 Assumptions
1.7 Definition of terms

Chapter Two
Review of related literature

Chapter Three
Description and analysis of the existing
System
3.1 Fact finding methods used
3.2 Organizational structure
3.3 Objectives of the existing system
3.4 Input process and output analysis
3.5 Information flow diagram
3.6 Problems of the existing system
3.7 Justification of the new system

Chapter Four
Implementation/Programming

4.1 Input specification and design
4.2 Output specification and design\file design
4.3 File design
4.4 Procedure chart
4.5 System flow chart
4.6 System requirement
4.7 Implementation
4.8 Program design
4.9 Pseudo code
4.9.1 Program flowchart
4.9.2 Documentation

Chapter FIVE
Recommendation and conclusion
5.1 Recommendation
5.2 Conclusion
Reference

CHAPTER ONE

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
1.1 INTRODUCTION
Voting is a means of selecting or choosing leaders. It does not apply only to local governments, states and federal government of Nigeria but also in different institutions and social organizations. Therefore, the conduct of elections in a democratic society is very important not only because through it a change of government is effected but also because voting is the main form of political participation for most people for democracy to be sound and smooth, it should be enhanced on election free from fraud.
Many centuries ago, most societies were societies were primitive and had not evolved a system of voting to elect the leaders that will govern then and promote societal harmony and peace. This means that people have to devise a system whereby a leader or a set of leaders have elected from the ranks of the people. At that point the idea of voting and being voted for became important and necessary. But before an individual can cast his or her vote, there are certain conditions to be met, one of which is to be registered as a voter.
Since independence in 1960, the Nigeria political scene has witnessed incessant upheavals, wide scale dishonesty and societal bitterness, which in most instances, degenerated into lawlessness and destruction of lives and property. Theses unfortunate situations paved the way for and served as spring boards for the emergence and growth of unskilled democrats and military leaders in the governance of the nation. Many Nigeria’s are disappointed that a post independent 46years-old Nigeria is still operating constitution which does not enjoy an overwhelming national acceptance, as evident in the persistent calls for the convocation of a sovereigns national conference on the one hand, and the growing demand for ethnic nationalities on the other.
For about four and half decades since independence, the nation had shifted position between parliamentary and presidential system of government, with several military in cursions into polities over the years. Even the present presidential democratic dispensation is still undergoing experimentation with varying degrees of trial and error approach. It is in the light of the foregoing, that this project on voter registration, is written to serve as a useful tool of enlightenment in the hands of voters, the electorate and the general public.
However, voter registration is a critical aspect of the electoral process. A credible voters register is a prelude to free and fair elections. It is also important for people to know is qualified to vote, where, when and how to vote. Also, a full knowledge of the registration procedure will encourage eligible voters to participate in the electoral process.

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