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DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF INSTRUMENT FOR MEASURING ATTITUDE OF WOMEN TOWARD MENOPAUSE

SCIENCE EDUCATION TOPICS AND MATERIALS

ABSTRACT

This study was undertaken to develop and validate an instrument for measuring attitude of women toward menopause in Awka health district. Six research questions and four hypotheses tested at 0.05 level of significant guided the study .This is an instrumentation study. The researcher identified three component of attitude that could be measured in women: cognitive, affective and behavioural.  55 items were developed. The sample for the study was 610 women from the health facilities in the district. The researcher constructed menopause attitude scale (MAS) on 4 point rating scale.  Three specialists in measurement and evaluation in science education department, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, validated the instrument .Factor analysis; mean, standard deviation, independent t-test, and analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used to analyze the data collected. The findings of the study revealed that out of the 55 items, 33 were found to be valid. Location has no significant influence on mean response of women on cognitive component of MAS but had significant influence on the mean responses of women on affective and behavioural. Education had no significant influence on cognitive but had significant influence on affective and behavioural components of MAS. Parity influence their mean response on affective but has no significant influence on cognitive and behavioural components of MAS. Age of the women had no significant influence on the mean responses of women on the three components of attitude but had influence on issues raised on items 7 and 20. Based on these findings   it was recommended among others that health workers in health districts should adopt and use the instrument in measurement of attitude of women toward menopause.

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