PURCHASE FULL WORK -3500

IMPACT OF MACROECONOMICS VARIABLES ON FIRMS’ PERFORMANCE IN NIGERIA

ACCOUNTING PROJECT TOPICS AND MATERIALS

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Every company operates within the internal and external environments of business. The internal environments are within a firm such that the prevailing factors are most times very subject to the control of the managers. The external environment has to do with the larger business environments in which a firm operates; and the factors therein are not subject to the control of the managers. The factors in the external environment not subject to the control of a manager generally can be regarded as macro economic factors or variables.

The corporate managers cannot control the macro economic variables but the government can control them through several policies. Thus, like all experts, the government in order to do a good job of managing the economy, will have to study, analyze and understand the major variables that affect or determine the current behavior of the macro-economy. Examples of the macro-economic variables that affect the economy and firms majorly include exchange rate, foreign direct investment, inflation rate, interest rate, money supply, etc. The management of these variables is usually done through fiscal and monetary policy by the government and her agencies e.g. the Central Bank. Another macro economic variable that may impact on firms’ performance is exchange rate. Firms’ financials are presented in terms of the home currency. Exchange rate increases or decreases the value in home currency of revenues and cost incurred in foreign currency. According to Lars (2003), exchange rate increases or decreases earnings in home currency share of total costs. In other words, exchange rate increases or decreases earnings in home currency before interest costs. Against this backdrop, the study examines the impact of macro economic variables on corporate performance in Nigeria.

STATEMENT OF RESEARCH PROBLEM

Researches on the relationship between macro economic variables and firm’s performance have been on going in advanced countries of the world with little or no research in developing countries of the world such as Nigeria. It is this existing gap that informed the rationale behind this study. In the light of the above, the following research questions are raised: What is the effect of inflation rate on corporate performance in Nigeria? What is the relationship between exchange rate and corporate performance in Nigeria? How does interest rate affect corporate performance in Nigeria? Is there a relationship between money supply and the performance of corporate organizations in Nigeria?

OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The general objective of the study is to evaluate the impact of macro economic variables on corporate performance in Nigeria. However, the specific objectives are stated as follows: To ascertain the effect of inflation rate on corporate performance in Nigeria. To find out if there is a significant relationship between exchange rate and corporate performance. To determine how interest rate affect corporate performance in Nigeria. To examine the relationship between money supply and the performance of corporate organizations in Nigeria.

RESEARCH HYPOTHESES

In order to validate the relationship between macro economic variables and corporate performance in this study, the following alternative hypotheses are specified: H1: Exchange rate influences corporate performance. H2: There is a relationship between inflation rate and corporate performance. H3: Foreign direct investment influence corporate performance in Nigeria. H4: There is a relationship between money supply and the performance of corporate organizations in Nigeria. H5: Interest rate affect corporate performance in Nigeria.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *