KNOWLEDGE AND UTILIZATION OF VOLUNTARY COUNSELING AND TESTING SERVICES ON PREVENTION OF HIV/AIDS AMONG STUDENTS OF TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS IN BAUCHI STATE, NIGERIA
This study aims at investigating knowledge and utilization of Voluntary Counseling Testing (VCT) services on the prevention of HIV/AIDS among Students of Tertiary Institutions of Bauchi State. However, to achieve the aim seven objectives and research questions each were postulated to guide the study and seven hypotheses were formulated and tested. The study adopted an ex-post facto design using a multistage sampling method, stratified sampling technique was used to divide the Tertiary Institution into four strata and one school from each stratum was drawn using random sampling, proportional and cluster sampling were deployed in meeting the 381 respondents using modified self-developed questionnaire which contain three sections. Descriptive statistic of mean, standard deviation were used to analyze the items in the various section of the questionnaire while t-test, ANOVA and Pearson product moment correlation coefficients were used to test the hypothesis at 0.05 level of significance. The data collected was analyzed using statistical package of social sciences (SPSS). The result revealed that majority of students in Tertiary Institutions of Bauchi State have knowledge on VCT services and are utilizing VCT services; there are no significant difference between male and female in their knowledge of VCT services among respondents; the result indicated no significant difference between male and female in their utilization of VCT services among respondents; significant difference existed on knowledge and utilization among students of different tertiary institution; and knowledge of VCT services influences the utilization of VCT services among respondents. Based on these findings it was recommended that VCT centres should be cited in educational institutions for proximity to the people. Both sexes should have to be encouraged to accept VCT for HIV through peer initiated VCT services at all levels of care including in universities; to intensify health education to convince the remaining minority who are still skeptical or ignorant of the benefits of VCT. Since knowledge of VCT influenced the utilization of VCT services among the respondents. Health personnel should intensify enlighten campaigns on the benefits of VCT utilization.
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