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MOTIVATIONAL NEEDS OF PUBLIC PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERS IN NIGERIA (a CASE STUDY OF KADUNA NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA)

EDUCATION RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS AND MATERIALS

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page       –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      i

Declaration     –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      ii

Certification    –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      iii

Dedication      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      iv

Acknowledgement  –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      v

Abstract –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      vi

Table of Contents   –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      vii

 

CHAPTER ONE: Introduction

Background of the study       –      –      –      –      –      –      –      1

Statement of the general problem        –      –      –      –      –      5

Objectives of the study –      –      –      –      –      –      –      7

Significance of the study       –      –      –      –      –      –      –      7

Scope of the study –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      9

Limitations     –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      9

 

CHAPTER TWO: Literature Review

Introduction    –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      10

Motivational Needs of Teachers     –      –      –      –      –      10

Factors responsible for lack of motivation     –      –      –      38

Strategies for Importing Teachers motivation      –      –      –      44

 

CHAPTER THREE: Research Methodology     

Introduction    –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      59

Research design     –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      59

Area of the study    –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      60

Population of the study –      –      –            –      –      –      60

Sample and sampling procedure    –      –      –      –      –      60

Instrument for data collection       –      –      –      –      –      –      60

Validity of the instrument      –      –      –      –      –      –      61

Reliability of the instrument   –      –      –      –      –      –      62

Data collection       –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      62

Method of Data Analysis        –      –      –      –      –      –      –      62

 

CHAPTER FOUR: Data Presentation & Analysis

Introduction    –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      63

Presentation and Analysis of Data –      –      –      –      –      64

 

CHAPTER FIVE:    Summary, Conclusion, Recommendation and Suggestion

Introduction          –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      79

Restatement of the problem  –      –      –      –      –      –      79

Description of procedure Used      –      –      –      –      –      80

Summary              –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      81

Conclusion             –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      82

Recommendation    –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      82

Suggestion            –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      84

Reference              –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      85

Appendix               –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      89

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study

Motivation is the term used to describe the processes, both instructive and rational which people seek to satisfy their basic derives, perceived needs and personal goal which trigger human behaviour (Cole 1885) it is indeed the force that energize behaviour. The task before the researcher is to know what actually motivates teachers to work hard and use those factors to proffer solutions in order to get the best from the teachers or allow the teachers to contribute effectively towards the accomplishment of the set goal and to satisfy their own needs in the process.

 

An employer should be aware that the employees have different needs, different desires for responsibility, different level of knowledge and skills and different passive and are manipulated, motivated and controlled by the government as the knows what the citizens need and provide some of these needs. Needs may also be as a result of behaviour for instance a person’s needs for accomplishment may be made stringer by the satisfaction he derives from achieving a desired goal or it may be dulled by failure (William 1993).

 

Teachers education is one of the mainstays of democracy and national stability in the country because teachers in any country are said to be the most reliable industry that can put the country on lead the load to self – reliance because teacher’s are the producers of the manpower needs of the nation which will in turn provide the needed skills and labour of every sectors, example industrial, technological, health, scientific and social which form the core of the nations self – reliance.

 

The teacher is a vital factor to be reckon with in any educational system. Education is a must in the life of a nation that aspires for greatness. Good education must be qualitative and functional. A qualitative and functional education relies largely on a core of devoted, knowledgeable, competent and well – trained teachers who are exposed to real life situation State Primary Education Board (SPEB, 1994).

 

The continuance and survival of our educational system at all levels depends largely on the quality and quantity of professional teachers. This can only be achieved by meeting the motivational needs of teachers, need identification refers to what you require to enable you to do your work more effectively. But to say this is easier than doing it for various reasons.

 

Firstly, your own needs as an individual are forever changing as you grow older and more and more matured. Secondly the nature of your job, whether as a teacher or head continues to evolve, partly because of the results of the development of your own country, but also because of new inventions and the changing relationship of the human race to planet earth (Sisimayi, 1993)

 

According to Best (1984) “Education was seen as the necessary instrument immediately and essentially for the consolidation of the independence for securing the new nation against neocolonialism and for making workable the newly established self – government in a multi – ethic society” In view of this, mass education at least to the level of literacy was also viewed by the Nigeria leaders to be the basis to create a proper foundation for a democratic government. Up to date the desire to use education for national building has been very compelling, and so much as the faith in education that the school of the socialization but also for other social functions and for economic growth and development In attempt to achieve these goods, Universal Primary Education (UPE) and the Universal Basic Education (UBE) were introduced nationwide 1970 and 2000 respectively, although before these times, these were seen  and practiced in some parts of the country like the former western Nigeria under the late Chief Obafemi Awolowo. Today, Nigeria has witnessed a phenomenal expansion at all levels of her education.

 

Even though, the laudable motives seemed to justify the very high cost of the expanded education programme, especially of the late 1970s the schools in Nigeria are not really effective engines for the resulted into very disappointing performance at the school level, and as the basis of further academic achievements, the situation actually tends towards threatening the future of the nation. This situation is so because the able leaders that will be produced for the future cannot be illiterate and ignorantly trained.

 

The ugly situation has been causing a lot of concern and fears to various government quarters educationist, philanthropist, parents and the generality of the Public. Kolo, (2000) concluded that “This declining trend has been causing a lot of concern and fears in of various governmental quarters since the report concluded that the nation is heading for the breeding of generations illiterate Nigerians. The failure of Nigerian schools is thus indicating that the health and well – being of the nation’s society may be in jeopardy”.

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