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THE USE OF MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING INFORMATION IN DECISION MAKING OF MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES A CASE STUDY OF DAUPHIN NIGERIA LIMITED, LAGOS

ACCOUNTING PROJECT TOPICS AND MATERIALS

ABSTRACT

Efforts have been made by organizations to rectify the problems fund in this firms pertaining to decision-making. Some decisions have altered the requirements of the firms objectives and goals. This work is sought to appraise the use of management accounting to information in decision making of mainly the manufacturing industries. A hypothesis showing that management null hypothesis showing that management accounting information is not effective and efficient in business decision making while the alternative hypothesis said management accounting information is relevant for effective and efficient decision making. Some research findings were made showing how needful management accounting information is. In order to analyzed and present the data instrument like personal interview and questionnaire were highlighted. The research dispatched forty questionnaires of which twenty five where returned and use. Hypothesis was tested using shi-square method. It was proved that management receive insufficient accounting information of which improvement is required in view of the above that can only be useful and effective if it is timely and relevant. Management should endeavor to employ more qualified accountants. 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page       –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      i     

Approval page        –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      ii

Preference      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      iii

Dedication      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      iv

Acknowledgement –      –      –      –      –      –      –      v

Abstract –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      vi

Table of contents    –      –      –      –      –      –      –      vii

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 Introduction     –      –      –      –      –      –      –      1

1.1 background of the study –      –      –      –      –      2

1.2 Statement of the problem       –      –      –      –      –      4

1.3 objectives of the study    –      –      –      –      –      5

1.4 Research questions         –      –      –      –      –      6

1.5 Significant of the study    –      –      –      –      –      7

1.6 Statement of the hypothesis   –      –      –      –      8

1.7 Scope of the study   –      –      –      –      –      –      9

1.8 Limitation of terms. –      –      –      –      –      –      9

1.9 Definition of terms   –      –      –      –      –      –      11

CHAPTER TWO

2.0 Literature review      –      –      –      –      –      –      14

2.1 What is management accounting    –      –      –      14

2.2 Management accounting information      –      –      16

2.3 Management need for information   –      –      –      17

2.4 major features of management accounting –  –      18

2.5 Decision making and management accounting       –      20

2.6 Types of Decision making        –      –      –      –      –      21

2.7 Importance of management decision making –      23

2.8 Objectives of Decision making process   –      –      24

2.9 Steps in decision making –      –      –      –             24

2.10 Accounting information and management in              

Decision making     –      –      –      –      –      –      32

2.11 Techniques in decision making      –      –      –      37

2.12 Functions of the management accounting    –      46

2.13 Problems of the use of accounting        –      –      –      47

CHAPTER THREE

3.0 Research methodology and design        –      –      49

 3.1 research design      –      –      –      –      –      –      49

3.2 Sources/methods of data collection        –      –      –      50

3.3 population and sample size     –      –      –      –      52

3.4 Sample technique    –      –      –      –      –      –      52

3.5 Validity and reliability of measuring instrument      53  

 2.6 Method of data analysis –      –      –      –      –      55  

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0 Presentation and analysis of data    –      –      –      58

4.1 Test of hypothesis    –      –      –      –      –      –      80

4.2 Interpretation of result(s)       –      –      –      –      –      87

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0 Summary, conclusion and recommendation – –      90

5.1 Summary –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      90

5.2 Conclusion       –      –      –      –      –      –      –      91

5.3 Recommendation            –      –      –      –      –      92

References      –      –      –      –      –      –      –             95

Appendix        –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –            97

Questionnaire –      –      –      –      –      –      –            98

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 INTRODUCTION

Management has been described as a process by which systems are administered Igbochi (1990) stated the transformation of resource inputs to produce output give more logical reason for the existence of the management. On the other hand, management can be looked upon as a body of knowledge representing what managers do.

Management generally is a process composed of functions that are inter related and inter dependent. Administratively, the managerial functions involves planning, and controlling, staffing and motivating under planning.

The management of every business organization has two major objectives to pursue in order to ensure the continued existence of the business. The first is to maximize profit, and the other is to maximize wealth that is to stay solvent, or to have sufficient cash to settle debts as they fall due.

The management accounting sees that all the necessary information required by the manager for decision making is supplied.

Decision making has been described as a purposeful choosing from a number of alternative courses of action. In deciding which alternative to choose, the manager will desire all the information which is relevant to the decision and then have some criterion on the basis of which he can choose the best alternative. Although, the information needed by the manager is being supplied, its has been less enthusiastic, and hence this research is aimed at findings information under utilization.

1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

From the beginning in 1992 Dauphin Nigerian limited has establish into a successful manufacturing concerned, special thanks to Sir Chima Emeyeonu, who had the incited to  foresee the potential of a vast market for locally  produced leader products such as ladies hand bags, all kind of suitcases, leader sandals, both in Nigeria and sub region.

Over the years, the company has diversified and expanded its operation to include the production of gum adhesive polythene and synthetic products. It is also involves in a hotel business.

The company has some factories in Lagos. However the manufacturing of its products are carried out. The company has its administrative head office situated at no 83 Hire, Road Surulere, Lagos State.

The company also has over two hundred employees in its  manufacturing sites in addition to about twenty staffs at its head office. Dauphin Nigeria Limited is a very typical example of a modern manufacturing concern, hence is selected as a case study of this research.

1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

One of the most functions of management is to make decision making. However, the acquisition and proper utilization of accounting information has always been faced with problems which are out lined as follows

Accounting information are some times provided by people who lack management expertise. They are inexperienced and unqualified persons and therefore cannot form the basis of management decision.

Some of the information provided by the management accountants are not timely and relevant. There is no detailed understand of the business concern and no presentation of information as well enable the managers not to waste time on routine activities.

Accurate and timely accounting information are provided, managers do not make adequate use of the information provided by which reference can be drawn also create a problem.

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