PURCHASE FULL WORK -3500

EFFECT OF SELF INSTRUCTIONAL PACKAGE ONSTUDENTS ACHIEVEMENT AND INTEREST INAGRICULTURAL SCIENCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS, IN ENUGU STATE, NIGERIA

Vocational Technical Education Project Topics & Materials

EFFECT   OF   SELF   INSTRUCTIONAL   PACKAGE   ONSTUDENTS   ACHIEVEMENT   AND   INTEREST   INAGRICULTURAL   SCIENCE   IN   SECONDARY SCHOOLS, IN ENUGU STATE, NIGERIA

TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE PAGE                                                                                                 I

APPROVAL PAGE                                                                                       II

CERTIFICATION PAGE                                                                             III

DEDICATION                                                                                               IV

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS                                                                           V

TABLE OF CONTENTS                                                                               VI

LIST OF TABLES                                                                                         XI

LIST OF FIGURES                                                                                        XIV

ABSTRACT                                                                                                   XV

CHAPTER ONE:  INTRODUCTION                          

Background of the Study                                                                                           1

Statement of the Problem                                                                               10

Purpose of the Study                                                                                      11

Significance of the Study                                                                               13

Research Questions                                                                                         15

Hypotheses                                                                                                     16

Scope of the Study                                                                                         17

CHAPTER TWO : REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 

Conceptual Framework                                                                               19

Agricultural science teaching in secondary schools                                        20

Individualized Instruction                                                                              23

Students’ achievement                                                                                    26

Students’ interest in agriculture                                                                      34

Self instructional package                                                                               39

Theoretical Framework of the study                                                           47

Piaget Theory of Intellectual Development                                                    47

Ausubel Learning Theory                                                                               49

Jerome Bruner Cognitive Theory                                                                    49

B.F. Skinner Theory of Learning                                                                    49

Review of Related Empirical Studies                                                          51

Summary of the Review of Related Literature                                              61

CHAPTER  THREE :  METHODOLOGY

Design of the Study                                                                                         63

Area of the Study                                                                                                       64

Population of the Study                                                                                              65

Sample and Sampling Technique                                                                    65

Instrument for Data Collection                                                                       66

Validation of the Instrument                                                                          69

Reliability of the Instrument                                                                           70

Method of Data Collection                                                                             71

Method of Data Analysis                                                                               75

CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA

Research Question 1                                                                                       76

Hypothesis 1                                                                                                   77

Research Question 2                                                                                       78

Hypothesis 2                                                                                                   79

Research Question 3                                                                                       80

Hypothesis 3                                                                                                   81

Research Question 4

Hypothesis 4                                                                                                   83

Research Question 5                                                                                       84

Hypothesis 5                                                                                                   85

Research Question 6                                                                                       86

Hypothesis 6                                                                                                   87

Research Question 7                                                                                       88

Hypothesis 7                                                                                                   89

Research Question 8                                                                                       90

Hypothesis 8                                                                                                   91

Research Question  9                                                                                      90

Hypothesis 9                                                                                                   92

Research Question10                                                                                      93

Hypothesis 10                                                                                                 94

Research Question 11                                                                                     95

Hypothesis 11                                                                                                 96

Research Question 12                                                                                     97                                                           Hypothesis 12                                                                                                 99

Research Question 13                                                                                     99

Hypothesis 13                                                                                                 101

Research Question 14                                                                                     102

Hypothesis 14                                                                                                 103

Findings of the Study                                                                                     104

Discussions of the Findings                                                                            106

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

Re- statement of the Problem                                                                         113

Summary of Procedure Used                                                                          114

Principal  Findings of the Study                                                                     116

Conclusion                                                                                                      117

Implications of the Study                                                                               118

Recommendations                                                                                          120

Suggestion for Further Studies                                                                       120

REFERENCES                                                                                                        122

LIST OF APPENDICES

A       WAEC Result from 2008 to 2011                                                        131

B1      Schools in Nsukka Education Zone                                                     132

B2     Distribution of Schools and Students in Nsukka Education Zone       135

C1     Distribution of Sample by Gender, Location and School Type            136

C2      List of Sampled School on Location Basis                                          137

D1    Agricultural Science Achievement Test (ASAT) (Pre Test)                  138

D2   Agricultural Science Achievement Test (ASAT) (Post Test)                 140

E1    Marking Scheme (Pre Test)                                                                    142

E2    Marking Scheme (Post Test)                                                                  143

F    Lesson plan on Self Instructional Package (SIP)                                     144

G1    Table of Specification of Pre-ASAT                                                       164

G 2    Table of Specification of Post-ASAT                                                     165

H     Conventional Lesson Plans                                                                     166

I     Agricultural Science Interest Inventory Test                                           184

J     Computation of Reliability Tests                                                             186

K    Data Analysis Output                                                                              191

L  Estimated Sample Sizes                                                                                         218

M     Request for Validation of Instrument                                                    219

N   Chief Examiner’s Reports                                                                         228

O   WAEC Statistics Results                                                                                      238

P    NERDC  2008, Agricultural Science Curriculum                                     242


LIST OF TABLES

1:         Mean of Pretest and Posttest Achievement Scores of Students Taught            76

Crop Production with Self-instructional Package and Conventional                         Lecture approach.

 

2:         Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) of the Significant Difference in                  77

the Mean Achievement Scores of Students Taught Crop Production

with Self-instructional Package and Conventional Lecture approach.

 

3:         Mean of Male and Female Students Taught Crop Production with                       78

Self- Instruction package and conventional lecture approach

 

4        Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) of the Significant Difference in                                79

the Mean Achievement Scores of Male and Female Students Taught

Crop Production with Self-instructional Package and Conventional

Lecture approach.

5:         Mean of Students in Urban and Rural Areas Taught Crop Production                 80

with Self-Instructional Package and Conventional Lecture approach

6:         Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) of the Significant Difference in                  81

the Mean Achievement Scores of Rural and Urban Students Taught

Crop Production with Self-instructional Package and Conventional

Lecture approach.

7:         Mean of Respondents on the Effects of School type on the Mean                        82

achievement  Scores of Students Taught Crop Production with

Self-instructional  Package and   Conventional Lecture approach

 

8:         Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) of the Significant Difference in                  83

the Mean Achievement Scores of Among the Students of Different

School Types Taught Crop Production with Self-instructional Package

and    Conventional Lecture approach.

 

9:         Mean of Respondents on the Interaction Effect of Method and                           84            School Location on        Students’ Achievement in Crop Production

10:       Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) of the Significant Interraction                                 85

Effect  of Method and  School Location on Students’ Achievement

in Crop Production.

11:       Mean of Respondents on the Interaction Effect of Method and                           86

School Type on Students’ Achievement in Crop Production

 

12:       Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) of the Significant Interraction                                 87

Effect of Method and  School Type on Students’ Achievement in Crop

Production

13:      Mean of Respondents on the Interaction Effect of Method and Gender

on Students’ Achievement in Crop Production                                                      88

14:       Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) of the Significant Interraction                                 89

Effect of Method and Gender on Students’ Achievement in Crop

Production.

 

15:       Mean of Pretest and Posttest Interest Scores of Students Taught Crop                90

Production with Self-instructional Package and Conventional Lecture

approach.

 

16:       Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) of the Significant Difference                      91

in the Mean Interest Scores of Students Taught Crop Production with

Self-instructional Package and Conventional Lecture Approaches.

 

17:       Mean  of Respondents on the Effect of Gender on Students’ Interest                 92

When Taught Crop Production with Self-instructional Package and

Conventional Lecture  Approach

18:       Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) of the Significant Difference                      93

in the Mean     Interest Scores of Male and Female Students

Taught Crop  Production with Self-instructional Package and

Conventional Lecture Approaches.

 

19:       Mean of Respondents on the Effect of Location on Students’                             94

Interest When Taught Crop Production with Self-instructional

Package and Conventional    Lecture approach

20:       Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) of the Significant Difference                      95

in the  Mean Interest Scores of Rural and Urban Students Taught

Crop Production with Self-instructional Package and Conventional

Lecture Approaches.

 

21:       Mean of Respondents on the Effects of School Type on Students’                      95

Interest            Taught Crop Production with Self-instructional Package and

Conventional Lecture Approach

 

22:       Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) of the Significant Difference in the            97

Mean Interest Scores Among the Students of Different School Types

Taught Crop Production with Self-instructional Package and

Conventional Lecture Approaches.

 

23:       Mean of Respondents on the Interaction Effect of Method and                    98

School Location  On Students’ Interest.

24:       Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) of the Significant Interraction                     99

Effect  of Method and School Location on Students’ Interest in Crop

Production.

 

25:       Mean of Respondents on the Interaction Effect of Method and School             100

type On Students’ Interest.

 

 

26:       Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) of the Significant Interraction                               101

Effect  of Method and School Type on Students’ Interest in Crop

Production.

 

27:       Mean of Respondents on the Interaction Effect of Method and                         102

Gender            on Students’ Interest.

 

28:       Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) of the Significant Interraction                               103

Effect  of Method and Gender on Students’ Interest in Crop Production.

LIST OF FIGURES

  1. Conceptual Framework of Study Variables 45

                         

Abstract

This study was designed to determine the effect of self instructional package in students’ achievement and interest in agricultural science in Senior Secondary Schools. The study adopted a pre-test, post test, non –equivalent control group, quasi experimental design which involved groups of students in their intact classes assigned to experimental and control groups. The population for the study was 6,014 senior secondary one students in Nsukka Education Zone of Enugu State; out of which 376 students were sampled using purposive sampling technique. 14 research questions and 14 null hypotheses guided the study. The instruments used for data collection were Agricultural Science Achievement Test (ASAT) and Interest Inventory Test (IIT). To ensure content validity of the ASAT, a table of specification was built for the test. The lesson plans, ASAT and IIT were subjected to face validation by five experts. The ASAT and IIT were trial tested to determine their reliability co-efficients. The trial test for determining coefficient of stability of the ASAT was carried out using test re-test reliability method. Pearson product moment correlation coefficient of the ASAT was found to be 0.80.  Interest Inventory reliability index of 0.76 was obtained using Cronbach’s alpha. Data were analyzed using mean to answer the research questions, while Analysis of Covariance was used to test the null hypotheses. The study found out that self instructional package is more effective in improving students’ achievement and interest in Agricultural science than conventional lecture approach. The study also found out that self-instructional package is effective in improving students’ achievement and interest in Agricultural science in schools located in both rural and urban areas. There was an effect of gender on the students’ achievement and interest in crop production favouring boys. However, the effect on interest was not found significant at 0.05 level. The study also found out that there was a significant difference among school types in favour of coeducational schools, but the effect on interest was not significant. The study found out that there was significant interaction effect of method and gender on students’ achievement and interest in crop production in favour of male students. Furthermore, there was a significant interaction effect of the approach and school types and locations, but effect on interest was not found significant in both school types and locations. Consequently, it was recommended that curriculum planners should include self instructional package in the school curriculum. Ministry of Education should provide teaching materials and qualified teachers to both rural and urban schools and that policies that enforce academic standard and discipline should be implemented by the School Administrators in all school types for improvement of students’ achievement and interest in Agricultural science in Enugu state.

GET FULL MATERIAL

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *