PURCHASE FULL WORK -3500

EFFECTS OF FIELD TRIP AND LAND LABORATORY ACTIVITIES ON STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENT AND INTEREST IN POULTRY PRODUCTION IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NSUKKA, ENUGU STATE, NIGERIA

Vocational Technical Education Project Topics & Materials

EFFECTS OF FIELD TRIP AND LAND LABORATORY ACTIVITIES ON STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENT AND INTEREST IN POULTRY PRODUCTION IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NSUKKA, ENUGU STATE, NIGERIA

TITLE PAGE                                                                                                                         i

TABLE OF CONTENTS

APPROVAL PAGE                                                                                                               ii

CERTIFICATION                                                                                                                 iii

DEDICATION                                                                                                                       iv

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS                                                                                                   v

TABLE OF CONTENTS                                                                                                       vi

LIST OF TABLES                                                                                                                 x

LIST OF APPENDIXES                                                                                                       xi

ABSTRACT                                                                                                                           xii

 

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION                                                                                1

Background of the Study                                                                               1

Statement of the Problem                                                                               9

Purpose of the Study                                                                                      10

Significance of the Study                                                                               11

Research Questions                                                                                         12

Hypotheses                                                                                                     13

Scope of the Study                                                                                         13

 

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE                                      15

CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK                                                                          15

Concept of Poultry                                                                                         15

Teaching Approaches in Agricultural Science                                                18

Fieldtrips Approaches in Agricultural Science                                               19

Land Laboratory Activities in Agricultural Science                                       22

Academic Achievement                                                                                  26

Interest in Agricultural Science                                                                      28

Gender            and academic achievement                                                                29

THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK                                                                         32

Brunner’s Theory of Instruction                                                                     32

Gagn’s Theory of Instruction                                                                         33

Related Empirical Studies                                                                              34

 

SUMMARY OF THE LITERATURE REVIEWED                                                      48

CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY                                                                         50

Design of the Study                                                                                                    50

Area of the Study                                                                                                       50

Population for the Study                                                                                            51

Sample and Sampling Technique                                                                                51

Instrument for Data Collection                                                                                   52

Validation of the Instrument                                                                                      52

Reliability of the Instrument                                                                                       53

Method of Data Collection                                                                                         54

Method of Data Analysis                                                                                           57

 

CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA                          58

Results of the Study                                                                                                   58

Findings of the Study                                                                                                 67

Discussion of the Findings                                                                                         69

 

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS     75

Re-statement of the Problem                                                                                      75

Summary of Procedure used                                                                                       77

Major findings of the Study                                                                                       78

Conclusion                                                                                                                  80

Implication of the Study                                                                                             80

Recommendations                                                                                                      81

Suggestions for further study                                                                                      82

REFERENCES                                                                                                        83                                                                                                       

 

LIST OF TABLES

 

  1. Mean of Pretest and Post Achievement Scores of Students Taught Poultry

Production using Fieldtrip and those taught using Land Laboratory Activities            58

  1. Mean of Male and Female Students taught Poultry using Fieldtrip and those

taught using Land Laboratory activities                                                                        61

  1. Mean of Pre-test and Post-test students taught Poultry Production using

Fieldtrip and those taught Land Laboratory activities                                                    62

  1. Mean of Pre-test and Post-test Interest Scores of male and Female Students’ taught poultry production using field trip and land laboratory activities                             63
  2. Mean Interaction Effect of Fieldtrip, Land Laboratory Activities and

Gender on Students Achievement in Poultry Production                                               64

  1. Mean Interaction Effect of Field Trip, Land Laboratory Activities and

Gender on Students’ Interest in Poultry Production                                                       65

  1. Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) of the Mean Achievement Scores of Students and Interaction Effect of the Treatment and Gender of Students taught Poultry Production using Fieldtrip and Land Laboratory activities                  66
  2. Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) of the Significant Difference in the Mean

Interest Scores of Students’ and Interaction Effects of the Treatments and

Gender of Students taught Poultry Production using Fieldtrip and Land

Laboratory activities                                                                                                         68

 

List of Figures

  • Conceptual Framework of Study Variables         31

 

LIST OF APPENDICES

A1: WAEC Results of 2008 – 2014 and Chief Examiner’s Report                                       91

A2: The West African examination council executive Summary of entries and

Chief examiners reports on the West African senior school certificate examination

(WASCE) For the years 2010-2012                                                                                      92

B1: Population and sample of Schools and Students in Nsukka Education Zone                 101

B2: Schools in Nsukka Local Government Area Sampled for the Study                              103

C1: Poultry Production Achievement Test Item (PPAT) Developed Based on

Simpson’s Psychomotor Domain for Pretest                                                                    104

C2: Poultry Production Achievement Test (PPAT) for Post  Test                                        116

D1: Marking Scheme for Poultry Production Test for Pre-Test                                             128

D2: Marking Scheme for PPAT for Post Test                                                                        129

E: Table of Specifications                                                                                                       130

F: Poultry Production Interest Inventory                                                                               132

G: Lesson Plan on Field Trip                                                                                                  135

H: Lesson Plan on Laboratory Approach                                                                               151

I: Agricultural Science Curriculum                                                                                         167

J1: Analysis of Data Collection                                                                                              172

J2: Cronbach’s Alpha Reliability Test                                                                                    178

K1: Result of Reliability Testing                                                                                            179

 

K2: Eta-Squared                                                                                                                     181

 

L: Summary of the outcome of the interaction of the researcher and teachers

of Agricultural Science during May/ June 2015 WAEC marking Exercise

on the Efficacy of field trip and land laboratory activities in teaching

Agricultural science.                                                                                                               184

Abstract

This study was designed to determine the effects of fieldtrip and land laboratory activities on students’ achievement and interest in poultry production in Senior Secondary Schools in Nsukka Local government Area, Enugu State. Six research questions were answered while six null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study adopted a quasi-experimental design and was carried out in Nsukka, Enugu State. The population of the study was 1,671 senior Secondary School two students in Nsukka Local Government Area. The sample for the study was 104 students offering agricultural science in senior secondary school II, made up of 50 males and 54 females and is selected using simple random sampling technique. Instruments for data collection were a 53 – item multiple choice Poultry Production Achievement Test (PPAT) and Poultry Production Interest Inventory (PPII).  The Lesson Plans, PPAT and PPII were validated by five experts. The reliability of the PPAT was established using Kuder Richardson 21 (K-R 21) Formular in which a coefficient of 0.85 was obtained; while Cronbach Alpha method was used to determine the internal consistency of the PPII in which a coefficient of 0.81 was obtained. The experiment was carried out during the normal school hour following the school timetable for senior classes. The duration of the experiment was seven weeks,. The data collected for this study were analyzed using mean to answer the research questions and analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) to test the null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The study found out that land laboratory activities increased students achievement in poultry production more than the field trip activities. The study also found out that the mean difference in the achievement of students taught poultry production using field trip and land laboratory was 18.42 in favour of land laboratory. The study further found out that field trip had more positive mean effect on male than female students’ achievement while land laboratory had more positive effect on female students than field trip. The study found out that the mean difference in the interest of students taught poultry production using field trip and land laboratory was 0.34 in favour of land laboratory. The study also found out that land laboratory had more positive mean effect on both male and female students’ interest than field trip. The study found out that the interaction effect of treatments and gender on students reduced male’s mean achievement in poultry production but increased that of females. The study also found out that there was a statistical significant difference in the mean achievement scores of students taught poultry production using field trip and land laboratory.

 

CHAPTER ONE

               INTRODUCTION                                                          

Background of the Study

 

The success of any educational enterprise is determined by how well a teacher varies the instructional approaches and other intervening variables. Some of such teaching approaches include the use of project, demonstration among others. Wood and Gentile (2003) noted that many of the conventional approaches like lecture do not encourage creative thinking and collaborative participation of teachers and students. Teachers are therefore, more challenged to find effective ways of making teaching more effective in all the school subjects including agricultural science which in this study is the subject of investigation. Agricultural science is taught in senior secondary schools in Nigeria. The curriculum of agricultural science stipulated that for exposure and productive skill development of students, schools offering agricultural science should provide equipment and adequate farm space. In addition to having a farm, each school should keep at least two farm animals, one each from ruminants and non-ruminants (Nigerian Education Research and Development). (NERDC 2008). In Enugu State, Poultry rearing among other livestock enterprises is more popular among the communities and schools, which makes it appropriate for this study.

Poultry refers to all domesticated birds kept for eggs or meat production. Najime (2003) explained the term poultry as domesticated birds that people keep for the purpose of collecting eggs, meat or feathers. Poultry includes birds such as pigeons, doves or birds which are reared for their meat by man. Poultry has remained a major source of protein to man as its products contain the essential amino acids required by human body to synthesize protein. In the view of Banerja (2005), poultry production is a lucrative venture and requires little investment to start. The author further stated that poultry dropping is an excellent organic manure for enriching vegetable gardens, while crop like maize grains are used in preparing feeds which are fed to poultry in a symbiotic farming which enhances efficiency of farm resources to increase outputs. Ezeigbe (2010) reported that poultry production is a very important arm of livestock and enjoys high interest among livestock production farmers and the meat has high demand because of its nutritional facility. Poultry production plays vital roles in human nutrition and employment opportunity which could be in agro-allied industry, poultry marketing, and hatching operations, among others.

GET FULL MATERIAL

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *