Wasteful organizational practices have adverse effects on the survival of government firms in Nigeria. As a cog in the wheel of success of government firms, wasteful organizational practices one responsible for the abysmal productivity of such firms and this is made possible through poor service delivery, bureaucratic sabotage, wastage of government funds via wastage of government funds contract inflation and ghost worker syndrome and avoidance of responsibility by many inefficient civil servants. Five hypotheses were formed from five research questions and five objectives and were all tested in chapter four with Chi-Square (X2). Findings from this study revealed that poor motivation of staff, poor implemental of government policies and programmes and loss of confidence on Nigerian Civil Services and agents of development are responsible for wasteful organization practices in government firms. Conclusively, management of government firms in Nigeria should adopt integrated payroll personnel information system (IPPIS) to prevent loss of government funds and duplication of work and subordinate multiplication should be discourage in any firm. Recommendation made include the need for Nigerian government to develop a functional feedback mechanism through which her workers’ service delivery should be closely monitored and constantly evaluated.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
This project examines effects of wasteful organizational practices on the survival of government firms in Nigeria. Hick and Gullet (1988:589), opine that an organizational practice is wasteful if it fails to help accomplish organizational objectives. Wasteful practices may occur slowly, silently, without warning and are often extremely difficult to recognize, hence they may be difficult to control. However, Agbo et al (2003:213), stress that a basic cause of wasteful practices in an organization is that individuals may pursue their own personal objectives without, at the same time contributing to objectives of the organization. This tendency to work toward individual objectives without adequate reference to organizational objectives is a cankerworm that erodes organizational progress, and this disease becomes potentially serious when organizations are large, complex and impersonal.
Other causes of wasteful organizational practices include the fact that government officials want to increase the number of their subordinates rather than create rival organization and this is called the law of multiplication of subordinates by Professor Parkinson. In addition, workers of government owned firms in Nigeria make work for each other on daily basis and this is called the law of multiplication of work by Professor Parkinson. Other dysfunctional practices in government firms in Nigeria that are considered wasteful include avoidance of responsibility, spreading accountability, hoarding authority, delay of decisions, formalism and ritualism, bureaucratic sabotage, stalemate and interdepartmental warfare.
However, the above wasteful organizational practices adversely affect the survival of government firms in Nigeria in terms of service delivery to citizens and achievement of government policies and objectives efficiently and effectively. Former President Olusegun Obasanjo in his address on service delivery (servicom), on 19th to 21st March, 2004, stressed that public offices are the shopping floor for government business.