Vocational Technical Education Project Topics & Materials



TITLE PAGE                                                                                                                         i

APPROVAL PAGE                                                                                                               ii

CERTIFICATION                                                                                                                 iii

DEDICATION                                                                                                                       iv

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS                                                                                                   v

TABLE OF CONTENT                                                                                                         vi

LIST OF TABLES                                                                                                                 ix

LIST OF FIGURES                                                                                                               x

ABSTRACT                                                                                                                           xi

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION                                                                                1

Background to the Study                                                                                           1

Statement of the Problem                                                                                           9

Purpose of the Study                                                                                                  10

Significance of the Study                                                                                           11

Research Questions                                                                                                     13

Hypotheses                                                                                                                 13

Scope of the Study                                                                                                     14

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE                                      15

Conceptual Framework                                                                                                       16

  • Fabrics 17
  • Utilization                                                                                     39
  • Garment and Styles 54
  • Academic and Non Academic female staff 66

Theoretical Framework                                                                                                        72

  • Fabric Consumption Theory 72
  • Psychological Motivation Fashion Consumption Theory 73

Review of Related Empirical Studies                                                                                  73

Summary of Literature Review                                                                                           76 

CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY                                                                         78

Design of the Study                                                                                                        78

Area of the Study                                                                                                                        78

Population for the Study                                                                                                 79

Sample and Sampling Technique                                                                                    79

Instrument for Data Collection                                                                                       80

Validation of the Instrument                                                                                           81

Reliability of the Instrument                                                                                           81

Method of Data Collection                                                                                             82

Method of Data Analysis                                                                                                            82


Research Question 1                                                                                                         83

Research Question 2                                                                                                         84

Research Question 3                                                                                                         86

Research Question 4                                                                                                         87

Research Question 5                                                                                                         88

Research Question 6                                                                                                         89

Hypothesis 1                                                                                                                     91

Hypothesis 2                                                                                                                     92

Hypothesis 3                                                                                                                     94

Hypothesis 4                                                                                                                     95

Hypothesis 5                                                                                                                     96

Findings of Study                                                                                                             98

Discussion of Findings                                                                                                     101


Re-Statement of the Problem                                                                                           107

Summary of Procedures Used                                                                                          109

Summary of major findings                                                                                              110

Implications of the Study                                                                                                            111

Conclusion                                                                                                                        113

Recommendations                                                                                                                        113

Suggestions for Further Studies                                                                                       115 

REFERENCES                                                                                                                    116


Appendix A:   Respondents letter                                                                              120

Appendix B:   Questionnaire                                                                                      121

Appendix C:    Request for validation                                                                        125

Appendix D:   Reliability of the Instrument                                                               126

Appendix E:    Output of Data Analyzed                                                                   129


Table                                                                                                     Pages

  1. Mean ratings and Standard Deviation of Respondents on the Factors

that guide Academic and Non Academic female staff in Enugu State in

selection and Utilization of Fabrics/garment.                                                             83

  1. Mean ratings and Standard Deviation of Respondents on the Garment styles

Utilized by Academic and Non Academic female staff in Enugu State.                   85

  1. Mean ratings and Standard Deviation of Respondents on the Different

Occasions where Nigerian Fabrics are Utilized Among Academic and

Non Academic female staff in Enugu State                                                               86

  1. Mean ratings and Standard Deviation of Respondents on the Factors

Affecting Utilization of Garment made with Nigerian Fabrics among

Academic and Non Academic female staff in Enugu State                                       87

  1. Mean ratings and Standard Deviation of Respondents on the

Factors Affecting the Quality of Nigerian Fabrics                                                     88

  1. Mean ratings and Standard Deviation of Respondents on the

Measures to Improve the Utilization of Nigerian Fabrics Among

Academic and Non Academic female staff                                                               90

  1. t-test Analysis of the mean Ratings of Academic and Non-academic

Academic and Non Academic female staff on the Factors that Guide

their selection and Utilization of Fabrics/Garments                                                   91

  1. t-test Analysis of the mean Ratings of Academic and Non-academic

Academic and Non Academic female staff on the garment styles

utilized among them.                                                                                                  93

  1. t-test Analysis of the mean Ratings of Academic and Non-academic

Academic and Non Academic female staff on the different occasions

where Nigerian fabrics are utilized among them.                                                       94

  1. t-test Analysis of the mean Ratings of Academic and Non-academic

Academic and Non Academic female staff on the factors affecting

utilization of garment made with Nigerian fabrics among them                                96

  1. t-test Analysis of the mean Ratings of Academic and Non-academic

Academic and Non Academic female staff on the factors affecting

utilization of the quality of Nigerian fabrics.                                                              97


Fig. 1:  Schema of Conceptual Frame work                                                                            71


The major purpose of this study was to investigate the Utilization of Nigerian fabrics for garment making among Academic and Non Academic female staff in Enugu State.The study adopted descriptive survey research design. The study was carried out using Academic and Non Academic female Staff in government tertiary institutions in Enugu State. Six research questions were developed and answered by the study; and five hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. The population of the study was fourteen thousand, eight hundred and forty one (14,841)female academic and non academic staff of government tertiary institutions in Enugu state.  A sample of 494 respondents was drawn from the population using purposive and proportionate 5% sampling techniques. The instrument for data collection was a structured questionnaire divided into two sections (A and B). Section A contained questions to elicit information on personal data of the respondents while Section B was developed based on the six research questions. The instrument had a four point rating scale of Strongly agree, Agree, Disagree and Strongly Disagree. The instrument was subjected to face-validation by three experts from the Department of Home Economics and Hospitality Management Education, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.  To establish the reliability of the instrument, thirty (30) copies of questionnaire were trial tested on thirty (30) female workers in Abuja.  Cronbach Alpha reliability method was used to establish the internal consistency of the instrument which yielded reliability coefficient of 0.82.The researcher administered and collected instrument with the help of three trained research assistants. Four hundred and ninety four (494) copies of the questionnaire were returned duly completed and formed the basis of analysis. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions that guided the study while t – test was used to test the null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study showed that seven factors guided Academic and Non Academic female staff in selection and utilization of fabrics/garment, four garment styles were utilized by Academic and Non Academic female staff using Nigerian Fabrics and five different occasions where Nigerian fabrics were utilized. The findings of the study also showed six factors affecting utilization of garment made with Nigerian fabrics. The tested hypotheses showed that academic and non-academic Academic and Non Academic female staff differed significantly (p<0.05) in their responses on the factors that guided their selection and utilization of fabrics and also on the different occasions where Nigerian fabrics were utilized in Enugu State. It was found that Academic and Non Academic female staff did not differ significantly (p>0.05) in their responses on the factors affecting utilization of garment made with Nigerian fabrics. It was recommended among others that Tailors and clothing manufacturers should shift from custom made garment to mass produced, quality ready to wear garments. Government should enforce laws intended to reduce the importation of foreign garments and also encourage tailors and fabrics/clothing manufacturers through granting of loans, provision of appropriate machinery, training of staff to mass produce fabrics and garments made from them.



Background to the Study

Utilization of Fabrics has been of considerable research interest. This is because it is the basic material used in construction of garments/clothing which is one of the basic needs of human being Anyakoha and Eluwa (2010).  The varied importance of fabrics in daily life can also be understood from its wide usage in furnishing, symbolic communication and commerce. They are also indispensable to industry, agriculture, transportation, space exploration, health services and other areas. It has been source of economic growth to many countries that are into growing of fibres and manufacture of fabrics. These fabrics are being formed through combination of two or more fibres.

Fibres can be defined as the hair-like basic unit of raw material used in making yarns and fabrics. Nkeonye (2009) defined fibre as a unit of matter characterized by flexibility and fitness and a high ratio of length to thickness. Fibres can be classified according to their sources or origins. Anyakoha and Eluwa (2010) classified fibre into two which include natural and synthetic or man-made fibre. Anyakoha and Eluwa stated that natural fibres are obtained from natural sources, either from plants or animal. Those obtained from plant are called vegetable fibres examples are cotton flax and ramie among others. While those obtained from animals are called animal fibres examples are Wool and Silk among others. Man-made or manufactured fibres are produced from the chemical treatment of certain raw materials like wood pulp, petroleum, natural gas and air among others. There are two types of man-made fibres: cellulose base and non cellulose base fibres. Anyakoha and Eluwa (2010), noted that cellulose base fibres are produced primarily from wood-pulp, cotton linter with minimum of chemical steps examples are rayon, acetate and triacetate. While non cellulose base fibres are made from molecules that come from petroleum, natural gas, air and water. Examples of fibre made from non cellulose base fibres are nylon and polyester.


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