BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
It is an ultimate goal for every organization (be it profit oriented or non-profit oriented) to stand the test of time and be able to provide for its shareholders.
Change is an integral part of what is needed to bring about this desired result, hence it has become imperative to embrace innovation, change in technologies, equipment and transformation as a driving force and aimed at uplifting organizations higher economically. This study focuses on the change management and its effects on employees performance in Nigeria manufacturing industry. be it private or public. It intended to probe such organizations with a view to determining the change management and its effect of on the employees performance evaluation of departments and individual workers, profitability index comparatively, working relationship amongst workers just to mention but a few. It is a general philosophy that change is a constant phenomenon that is bound to occur in every given environment and business setting. Though it has both positive and negative reactions and effects, it still proffers solution to some identified problems at the end of the day. Therefore change can be described as a means to plan, initiate, realize and control and finally stabilize change processes in both corporate and personal levels. It also covers diverse problems like strategic direction or personal development programmes for staff among others (Oliver Reckiles 2001).
It should also be carried out in a logical and systematic process that will leave no employee emotionally aggrieved. Often times, introduction of change cost a substantial amount in terms of managerial time and emotional upheaval.(kanigel,Robert.1997:45)
Many organizations have not tried change or initiate changes to most of their activities either because the managers were afraid that they were simply incapable of successfully implementing the needed change or because of its effect on the management of the employees in the organization.(Head, Simon 2005:22)
The most common reaction associated with change is resistance and this can be categorized as follows: